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Tuesday, July 10, 2012

global resource files

files are used to localize a solution by removing hard-coded strings from the
code. SharePoint only supports string resources. Although the Resource Editor enables
you to add non-string resources, non-string resources do not deploy to the

SharePoint 2010, global resource files (.resx) are
stored in 3 locations;

App_GlobalResources: The App_GlobalResources
folder is located in C:\inetpub\wwwroot\wss\VirtualDirectories\<port

2.    Resources folder in the SharePoint root folder: This is the
Resources folder in the 14 hive located in C:\Program Files\Common
Files\Microsoft Shared\Web Server Extensions\14\Resources.

Config/Resources folder in the 14 hive: This is located in
C:\Program Files\Common Files\Microsoft Shared\Web Server

files in App_GlobalResources are used when code in an
ASPX page or control refers to a resource. The syntax is “<%$Resources:<Resource File Name>, <String

Ex: <asp:Label ID="lblName" runat="server" Text="<%$Resources:MyResources,
lblNameText%>" />

files in the Resources folder in the 14 hive are used when referencing
resources using the SharePoint object model

Ex: lblName.Text
= SPUtility.GetLocalizedString("$Resources:lblNameText",

files in the Config/Resources are copied into the App_GlobalResources folder whenever a new web application
is created. By adding the .resx files here you will
ensure your application will be able to access its global resource files in new
web applications.

How to deploy to App_GlobalResources and 14 hive Resources
a single .resx file in our solution should be copied
into each of the above locations during the installation. We can omit the 3rd
location if we are going to deal with only one web application.

I’m having three resource files added into a SharePoint Element. Now get the “SharePointProjectItem.spdata” file of the SP Element by
selecting “Show All Files” button at the top of the solution explorer.  Then change the file content as below. Please
note that there are two entries per each resource file specifying different
Type and Target. That’s it. Deploy this element using a SP Feature.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<ProjectItem Type="Microsoft.VisualStudio.SharePoint.GenericElement" DefaultFile="Elements.xml" SupportedTrustLevels="All" SupportedDeploymentScopes="Web, Site, WebApplication, Farm, Package" xmlns="">
ProjectItemFile Source="Elements.xml" Target="GlobalResources\" Type="ElementManifest" />
ProjectItemFile Source="MyResources.resx" Type="AppGlobalResource" />
ProjectItemFile Source="MyResources.resx" Target="Resources\" Type="RootFile" />
ProjectItemFile Source="MyResources.en-CA.resx" Type="AppGlobalResource" />
ProjectItemFile Source="MyResources.en-CA.resx" Target="Resources\" Type="RootFile" />
ProjectItemFile Source="" Type="AppGlobalResource" />
ProjectItemFile Source="" Target="Resources\" Type="RootFile" />

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